Sindhuligadhi is one of the historical and beautiful places which are situated northern part of Mahabharat belt of Sindhuli district and lies in Jalkanya VDC Wada no.1. Situated on the hilly area and between the forests, this Sindhuligadhi lies in 27º 28’ north latitude and 85 º 97’ east longitudes. The elevation of the Sindhuligadhi is 1417m above the sea level.;

Monday, September 9, 2013

Nepal's Festivals

Nepal is not only the land of mountains; it is also the land of festivals. There are more than 50 festivals celebrated in Nepal every year. While the national festivals have fixed dates, religious festivals are set by astrologers following the lunar calendar. The best part about the festivals in Nepal is that all the events are celebrated with the same enthusiasm and galore the way it used to be hundreds of years ago when people had no other means of entertainment.

Lhosar (Tibetan New Year): This is the New Year of the Tibetans and Sherpas of Nepal which falls in February. The Buddhist monasteries in Kathmandu like Boudhanath and Swayambhunath are decorated with eye catching colorful prayer flags pulling the crowd. The people perform their traditional dances and welcome their New Year with feasts and family gatherings wearing all the new clothes and finest jewelries and exchanging gifts.
Saraswati Puja: Saraswati Puja or Shree Panchami is a day to celebrate the birthday of Saraswati – the Goddess of Learning. This is a day when people from school students to scholars worship their pens and books to please the Goddess and expect her favor in their studies so they become wise and knowledgeable. People also throng around the idol of Goddess Saraswati, especially in Swayambhunath and offer flowers, sweets, fruits, etc. On this day, small children are taught to read and write and people write on the stones and slabs with chalks and pencils. This day which falls between January/February is regarded as a very auspicious day for marriages too as it is believed that Goddess Saraswati herself blesses the couples. Normally it is the astrologers who fix the marriage date and time in Nepal.
Shivaratri (Maha Shivaratri): Shivaratri or the night of Lord Shiva that falls sometime between February/March is one of the major festivals of Nepal. This day is dedicated to the Lord of the Lords – Lord Shiva or Mahadev who lived in Mt. Kailash in the Himalayas. Lord Shiva is the most worshipped God in the Hindu religion. More than 100,000 of Hindu devotees from India and Southeast Asia throng weeks ahead of the festival and gather in and around Pashupatinath temple – one of the holiest shrines of the Hindus in Kathmandu to pay their homage to Lord Shiva on his birthday. “Pashupatinath” literally means “the Lord of animals” as Lord Shiva is considered as the guardian and protector of everything that exists in the Himalayan Kingdom. On this holy day, worshippers take dip and bath in the holy river at early dawn and fast for the whole day and stay around fire to keep them warm as it is still winter in Nepal. The devotees also freely indulge in using marijuana and other intoxicating substances as these things are believed to please Lord Shiva and marijuana use is legal only on this sacred day. More ...
Holi: This festival of water and colors that falls between February/March is also known as “Phagu” in Nepal. This day is observed to rejoice the extermination of female demon Holika who together with her King brother conspired to kill his son Pralhad, an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu. This day, playful people especially the young ones wander through the streets in groups on foot or vehicles with various colors smeared all over them and the people in houses make merry throwing colors and water balloons at each other and also to these people on the streets.
Ghode Jatra (Festival of Horses): This festival takes place between March/April and a grand horse parade takes place at Tundikhel. Although this festival does not have much of religious aspects, a large number of people, even from outside Kathmandu flock around Kathmandu to witness the horse race and other exciting sports activities performed by the Army in the presence of the King and the Royal family.
Buddha Jayanti: Buddha’s birth anniversary is celebrated every year during May in Nepal. On this day people swarm in Swayambhunath and Boudhanath to pay homage to Lord Buddha and also visit Buddha’s birth place in Lumbini and chant prayers and burn butter lamps. Lord Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha Gautam but he abandoned his luxurious life when he realized the misery of mankind and went in search of enlightenment.
Gai Jatra (Cow Festival): This festival of cow is celebrated every year in August/September. This is one of the most popular festivals in Nepal as it is full of humor, satire, comedy, mockery and shades of sadness too at the same time. And on this day satires and jokes on anybody is legal. As per the tradition, the family who has lost a relative during the past one year must take part in a procession by sending young boys in cow like attire and walk through the streets of Kathmandu lead by a cow. Cow is regarded as a Goddess and it is also the national animal of Nepal. This festival also purges many who have lost their loved ones as they get to console themselves as to they are not the only ones who have been bereaved and it also teaches to accept death as a part of life.
Krishna Janmastami: The birth anniversary of Lord Sri Krishna, believed to be the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu falls sometime in August/September. All the devotees assemble in Krishna Mandir, the ancient Krishna Temple in Patan Durbar Square and other temples with the idol of Sri Krishna and offer prayers, flowers, food, sweets and chant hymns too.

Indra Jatra: This festival named after Lord Indra- the God of Rain and also the King of Heaven is celebrated by both the Buddhists and Hindus in Nepal in August/September. This festival lasts for eight days with singing, mask dancing and rejoicing. The chariot of Kumari – the Living Goddess is taken through the main streets of Kathmandu with much fanfare. On the first day, the King of Nepal also pays homage to Goddess Kumari. The crowd of excited people from performers to spectators engulfs the streets of Kathmandu during this festival. People get to enjoy various classical dances like elephant dance, lakhe – a very popular dance of a man with a mask.

Tihar: This festival of lights that falls between October/November is the second biggest festival after Dashain. This festival lasts for five days and people worship Laxmi – the Goddess of Wealth. All the houses are cleaned and decorated with the belief that Goddess Laxmi will enter the house that is the cleanest and people lit candles, oil lamps and other lights and the whole place looks illuminating. During the five days, crows, dogs and cows are worshipped and honored with vermilion, garland and delicious food for what they have done in the lives of humans. Crows are regarded as the messenger that brought news even during the times when there were no postmen and no postal services. Dogs are the most obedient animals and they guard our house as true guardians. Cow is also a symbol of wealth in Hinduism and she is also the national animal of Nepal. During Tihar, the Newari community in Nepal also observes Mha puja – a ritual of worshipping one’s own body and life. On this very day, the Newari New Year which is also known as Nepal Sambat begins. The festival ends with Bhai Tika – brothers’ day when his sisters worship him for his long and healthy life to safeguard the lives of his sisters. This is also a gambling time in Nepal as gambling is not illegal during this festival. 

Dashain (Bijaya Dashami): During the month of Kartik (late September and early October), the Nepalese people indulge in the biggest festival of the year, Dashain. Dashain is the longest and the most auspicious festival in the Nepalese annual calendar, celebrated by Nepalese of all caste and creed throughout the country. The fifteen days of celebration occurs during the bright lunar fortnight ending on the day of the full moon. Thorough out the kingdom of Nepal the goddess Durga in all her manifestations are worshiped with innumerable pujas, abundant offerings and thousands of animal sacrifices for the ritual holy bathing, thus drenching the goddess for days in blood. Read more about Dashain festival...

Information about Nepal

Nepal Geographical Information: Nepal, a sovereign Independent Kingdom, lies between 80 degree 12' east longitude and 26 degree 22' and 30 degree 27' north latitude. It is bounded on the north by the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China; on the east by Sikkim and West Bengal of the Indian Union on the south by Indian States of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and on the west by Uttar Pradesh of Indian Union. The length of the Kingdom is 885 kilometers east-west and its breath varies from 145 to 241 kilometers north-south. Climatically, it lies in the temperate zone with the added advantage of altitude.
The country can be divided into three main geographic regions:

Himalayan Region:
 The altitude of this region ranges between 4877 meters and 8848 meters with the snow line running around 48848 meters. It includes 8 of the existing 14 summits in the world which exceed an altitude of 8000 meters. They represent. (1) Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) 8848 m, (2) Kangchenjunga - 8586 m, (3) Lhotse - 8516m, Makalu - 8463m, (5) ChoOyo- 8201 m, (6) Dhaulagiri - 8167m, (7) Manaslu - 8163m, and Annapurna- 8091 m.

Mountain Region: This region accounts for about 64 percent to total land area. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars upto 4877 meters. To its south lies the lower Churia range whose altitude varies from 610 meters to 1524 meters.

Terai Region: The low-land Terai region which has a width of about 26 to 32 kilometers and a maximum altitude of 305 meters, which occupies about 17% of total land area of the country. Kechanakawal the lowest point of the country with an altitude of 70 meters lies in Jhapa District of the eastern Terai.

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सिन्धुली जिल्लाको संक्षिप्त परिचय


 सिन्धुली जिल्ला २६५५देखि २७२२उत्तरी अक्षांश देखि १५देखि २५पूर्वी देशान्तरमा अवस्थित भित्री मधेशको चुरे भागदेखि माहाभारत क्षेत्रहरुलाई समेत समेटेको यस जिल्लाको कूल क्षेत्रफल ,४९१ वर्ग कि.मिरहेको भने जिल्लाको उचाई समुन्द्रि सतहदेखि १६९मिटर देखि २३०० मिटरको विचमा


यस जिल्लामा उष्णउपोष्ण समशितोष्ण प्रकारको हावापानी पाइने हुँदा वनस्पति जिवजन्तु पनि विविध नै पाइन्छन् काष्ठ प्रकाष्ठ दुवैखाले वनस्पतिको उपलब्धता यस जिल्लाको वनजंगलको विशेषता रहेको यस जिल्लाको कूल क्षेत्रफलको करिव ६४. प्रतिशत भू-भाग वनजंगलले ओगटेको जुनार सुन्तलामा प्रशिद्ध प्राप्त यस जिल्लाको निर्यातजन्य उत्पादनहरुमा अम्रिसोअदुवाबेसारभुइँकटहरजडीबुटीहरु अमिलोजातका विभिन्न फलफूलहरु रहेका छन्


प्रशासनिक रुपले यस जिल्लालाई ५३ वटा गा.वि. वटा नगरपालिकामा विभाजन गरिएको भने निर्वाचन तथा स्थानीय निकायको प्रयोजनको लागि यस जिल्लालाई वटा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र १३ वटा इलाकामा विभाजन गरिएको


२० सालको प्रतिवेदन अनुसार यस जिल्लामा कूल जनसंख्या ,९६,१९२ जनसंख्या भएको पाईन्छ जसमा महिलाहरु ,५६,०६९  पुरुषहरु ,४०,१२३ को संख्यामा छन्  यस जिल्लामा तामाङ्ग जातिको वाहुल्यता रहेको हायू थामी जस्ता लोपोन्मुख अल्पसंख्यक जातिहरु पनि यस जिल्लामा बसोबास गर्दै आइरहेका छन्


प्रमुख भौतिक सुविधाहरुमा बर्दिबास-सिन्धुली-बनेपा सडक खण्ड अन्तर्गत सिन्धुलीमाढीदेखि खुर्कोट खण्डसम्मको निर्माण कार्य पूरा भैसकेको करिव  कि.मिकालोपत्रे सडकतराईको बजार बर्दिबासलाई जिल्ला सदरमुकाम सिन्धुलीमाढीबाट जोडने बाह्रैमास चल्ने ३७ कि.मिमध्ये २५ कि.मिकालोपत्रे बाँकी ग्राभेल सडक करिव ११०० लाइनको टेलिफोन१००० थान सि.डि.एम.  ५००० भन्दा  मोवाइल सेवाको रहेको यसका अतिरिक्त विभिन्न मौसमी सडकहरुजिल्ला अस्पतालकलेज सुविधाबजार केन्द्रहरु पनि जिल्लाको सामाजिक आर्थिक विकासमा योगदान पुर्याउने भौतिक पक्षहरु हुन्


मानवीय जीवन यापनका विविध पक्षहरुमा सुदृढ गर्नका लागि जिल्लामा कार्यरत सरकारी कार्यालयहरु भन्दा वाहेक अन्य संघ/संस्थाहरु जिल्लाको आर्थिकसामाजिक विकासमा कार्यरत रहेका छन् यी संघ/संस्थाका सहयोगका अतिरिक्त पनि जिल्लाको विविध संस्कार, भौगोलिक विकटतागरिवी जस्ता अवयवहरुले गर्दा गरिबीलैङ्गकि विभेदबाल मृत्युदरकुपोषण जस्ता समस्याहरु उल्लेख्य मात्रामा घटन सकेको छैन


जिल्लामा निर्माणधिन अवस्थामा रहेको बर्दिबास-सिन्धुलीमाढी-बनेपा सडक अन्य निकायहरुबाट सडक तथा अन्य आवश्यक पूर्वाधारहरुको क्रमिक निर्माणले जिल्लाले विशिष्टिकरण प्राप्त गरेको क्षेत्रहरु जस्तै दुधजन्य पदार्थहरुफलफूलजडिबुटी जस्ता श्रोतबाट जिल्लामा व्याप्त गरिबीको अवस्थामा सुधार आउने स्थिति अवश्य रहने


संस्कृति, पर्यटन तथा नागरिक उड्डयन मन्त्रालय

संस्कृति, पर्यटन तथा नागरिक उड्डयन मन्त्रालय नेपाल सरकारको पर्यटनसंस्कृति तथा नागरिक उड्डयन सम्बन्धि कार्यहरू गर्ने सर्बोच्च निकाय हो। विभिन्न समयमा विभिन्न मन्त्रालय अन्तरगत रहेका विभागहरूलाइ मिलाएर वि.सं. २०५७ देखि यो मन्त्रालय अस्तित्वमा आएको हो। नेपालमा पर्यटन उद्योगको विकासमा नेतृत्व गर्नु, सांस्कृतिक धरोहरहरूको संरक्षण प्रचारप्रसार गर्नु तथा हवाई सेवाको प्रवर्धन गर्नु यसको प्रमुख कार्यहरू हुन्।


बि.सं. २०१६ सालमा तत्कालिन अधिराजकुमार हिमालय विक्रम शाहको अध्यक्षतामा पर्यटन बोर्डको स्थापना गरिएको थियो। त्यस पछि वि.सं. २०१८ सालमा श्री ५को सरकारले निर्माण तथा यातायात मन्त्रालय अर्न्तर्गत पर्यटन विभागको स्थापना गर्यो। पर्यटन क्षेत्रको नियोजित तथा योजनाबद्ध विकास एवं प्रवर्द्धन गर्ने उद्देश्यले बि.सं. २०३४ सालमा छुट्टै मन्त्रालयको रूपमा पर्यटन मन्त्रालयको स्थापना गर्यो। सुरूमा पर्यटन क्षेत्रलाई मात्र आबद्ध गरी पर्यटन मन्त्रालय नामाकरण गरिएकोमा .सं. १९८२मा निर्माण तथा यातायात मन्त्रालय अर्न्तर्गतको हवाई विभागलाई समेत गाभी यसलाई पर्यटन तथा नागरिक उड्डयन मन्त्रालय नामाकरण गरियो। यसका साथै नेपाल सरकार मन्त्रिपरिषद्को मिति २०५७// गतेको निर्णयबाट युवा खेलकुद तथा संस्कृति मन्त्रालय विघटन गरी संस्कृतिको कार्य समेत यस मन्त्रालयमा थपियो नयाँ नाम संस्कृति, पर्यटन तथा नागरिक उड्डयन मन्त्रालय राखियो।


देशमा रहेको सांस्कृतिक विविधताको संरक्षण सर्म्बर्द्धन,

हवाई सेवाको सुरक्षित भरपर्दो विकास गरी राष्ट्रिय विकासमा टेवा पुर्याउने,

पर्यटन क्षेत्रलाई देशको मुख्य आर्थिक क्षेत्रको रूपमा विकास गर्ने,

प्राकृतिक सांस्कृतिक वातावरणको संरक्षण गर्दै पर्यटकीय क्रियाकलापहरूको बृद्धि गर्ने,

सुरक्षित, भरपर्दो, प्रभावकारी मितव्ययी हवाई सेवाको विकास गर्ने,

सांस्कृतिक तथा पुरातात्विक सम्पदा संरक्षण सुदृढीकरण गर्ने,

नेपाल आउनको लागि हवाई उडानका सीटहरू बढी उपलब्ध गराउने,

आन्तरिक हवाई सेवामा सुधार गर्ने,

उडान सुरक्षा व्यवस्थालाई मजबुत बनाउने,

देशमा अद्वितीय पयर्ट क्रियाकलापहरूको प्रबर्द्धन गर्ने,

पर्यटकको औसत बर्साई बढाउने,

पर्यटकको प्रतिव्यक्ति खर्च बढाउने,

पर्यटन उद्योगको लागि सहुलियत प्रदान गर्ने,

पर्यटन आकर्षाका बारेमा प्रचार प्रसार गर्ने,

साहित्य, कला, संगीत, लगायतका रचना सम्बन्धी प्रतिलिपी अधिकारको संरक्षण सर्म्बर्द्धन गर्ने।

कार्यक्षेत्र जिम्मेवारी

नेपाल सरकार (कार्य विभाजन) नियमावली, २०५७मा यस मन्त्रालयलाई देहाय बमोजिमका कार्यक्षेत्रहरू तोकिएका छन्mm

तथा पुरातात्विक अन्वेषण  उत्खनन कार्य गर्ने गराउने सम्बन्धी,

देश बाहिर लगिने पुरातात्विक सामानहरूको जाँच अनुमति सम्बन्धी,

सङ्ग्रहालय  अभिलेखालयहरू सम्बन्धी,

प्रतिलिपी अधिकार सम्बन्धी,

पुरातात्विक विषयमा प्रतिलिपी अधिकार सम्बन्धी,

देशमा विद्यमान सांस्कृतिक धरोहरहरूको संरक्षण सम्बन्धी,

संस्कृति सम्बन्धी अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सम्झौता, सांस्कृतिक आदान-प्रदान तथा अध्ययन अनुसन्धान सम्बन्धी,

नेपाल राजकीय प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठान, पशुपति क्षेत्र विकास कोष, लुम्बिनी विकास कोष, बृहत्तर

जनकपुर क्षेत्र विकास परिषद्, सांस्कृतिक संस्थान अन्य सांस्कृतिक संस्था एवम् समितिहरू सम्बन्धी,

विभिन्न धर्म, जात, जाति, सम्प्रदाय, भाषा, भाषिकाहरू, साहित्य, लिपि, कला संस्कृतिको

विकास सम्बन्धी,

विमानस्थलको निर्माण, मर्मत तथा सम्भार एवम् पर््रबर्द्धन सम्बन्धी,

हवाई यातायात तथा परिवहनको सञ्चालन तथा व्यवस्था सम्बन्धी,

हवाई यातायात सम्बन्धी संस्थान, प्राधिकरण तथा सङ्गठनहरू सम्बन्धी,

नेपाल इन्जिनियरिङ्ग सेवा अर्न्तर्गत देहायका समूह सम्बन्धी नियुक्ति, सरुवा, बढुवा, सुरू

नियुक्तिको न्यूनतम शैक्षिक योग्यता बढुवामा गणना हुने सम्बन्धित विषयको शैक्षिक

योग्यताको निर्धारण तथा विभागीय कारवाही आदि सम्बन्धी।

एरोनटिकल इन्जिनियरिङ्ग समूह

इलेक्ट्रोनिक एण्ड टेलिकम्प्युनिकेशन इन्जिनियरिङ्ग समूह

सिभिल एभिएसन अपरेसन तथा इन्जिनियरिङ्ग समूह

मन्त्रालय अर्न्तर्गतका निकायहरू

पुरातत्व विभाग

नेपाल प्रतिलिपी अधिकार रजिष्ट्रारको कार्यालय

नेपाल पर्यटन बोर्ड

नेपाल नागरिक उड्डयन प्राधिकरण

नेपाल पर्यटन तथा होटल व्यवस्थापन प्रतिष्ठान

लुम्बिनी विकास कोष

पशुपति क्षेत्र विकास कोष

बृहत्तर जनकपुर क्षेत्र विकास परिषद्

सांस्कृतिक संस्थान

नेपाल वायुसेवा निगम

नेपाल राजकीय प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठान

पर्वतीय प्रशिक्षण प्रतिष्ठान विकास समिति